The United Nation and Imam Ali’s Constitution
The aforementioned are some of the recommendations of Imam Ali to Malik al-Ashtar whom he appointed as governor of Egypt. To date they have remained to be known as the Alawi Constitution, about which the Christian scholar George Geordac comments:
“There is nothing the in the United Nation Human Rights declaration except that you would find its equivalent in the constitution of Ali ibn Abi Taleb, but then you would find in his constitution greater values and of higher essence.”
Kofi Annan, the UN secretary states:
“The words of Ali ibn Abi Talib, ‘O Malik! The people are either brothers in religion or your equal in creation’ must be adhered to by all organisations and it is a statement that all humanity must embrace.”
After a few months, Annan suggested that the document of Imam Ali to Malik al-Ashtar must be considered from the legal viewpoint, and after lengthy studies and considerations by the UN Legal Committee, member states voted that the document should be considered as one of the sources of International Law.
Shebly Shmayyil, another Christian scholar states: “Ali ibn Abi Talib is the leader and guide for mankind, and the East and West has never seen anyone like him, neither in the past nor in the present.
His dealings with those took up arms and practiced terrorism
Imam Baqir states that his great grandfather – Imam Ali – never labelled those who fought him with infidelity or hypocrisy, but used to say, “They are our brethrens who mutinied against us.”
Imam Ali did not only endeavour to promote the culture of coexistence, but rather relentlessly contributed to creating an environment of awareness and understanding on individual and social levels in order to facilitate a positive and continuous coexistence.
Imam Ali endeavoured to instil coexistence by implanting its principles through theory and practice such as pluralism, tolerance, non-violence, and justice as mentioned above. These notions without the application of justice remain theoretical notions, hard to implement, and they do not go beyond mere concepts like many others, and one of many other dreams. So we see that he dedicated himself to instil and establish the principles of coexistence, and at the peak of those principles is justice. In every step and at all stages he transformed coexistence into an intuitive principle; he elevated it from the realm of notion to that of resolution. Thus his justice was able to support coexistence with the secret of life and eternity, until he was assassinated in the cause of that justice. The Christian scholar Jibran Khalil Jibran declares, “Ali was killed in the alcove of his worship because of his intense justice”.
Imam Shirazi Centre for Research